Causes: Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food and water.
High-risk Areas: Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended if you are travelling to countries where the virus is common, such as the Indian subcontinent, Africa, central and south America, the Far East and eastern Europe.
Those at higher risk of exposure include:All travellers exposed to poor standards of food and water hygiene or visiting areas with poor sanitation.
Travellers should be advised to practice strict food, water and personal hygiene precautions even if vaccinated
An important prevention against Hepatitis A is good personal hygiene. Washing your hands well and frequently can help protect you against a number of infections, viruses and bacteria.
It is essential to wash your hands after using the toilet and before preparing or eating food. Extra precautions include not sharing towels, eating utensils or toothbrushes.
Vaccine Brand: "Havrix Monodose" by GSK
Hepatitis A vaccine side effects:Hepatitis side effects: After having the hepatitis A vaccine, some people develop temporary soreness, redness and hardening of the skin at the injection site. A small, painless lump may also form at the injection site. This usually disappears quickly and is not a cause for concern.
Much less common side effects include tiredness, headaches, loss of appetite, nausea and a slightly raised temperature (mild fever) - a normal temperature is 36-36.8C (96.8-98.24F). However, details of possible side effects and special precautions should be discussed during the appointment.
Causes: It is spread through contact with infected blood or body fluids - for example, through sexual intercourse or sharing needles.
High risk areas: Hepatitis B occurs worldwide but, in particular, it may be found in Eastern Europe, Russia, India, China, South and Central America, Africa, South East Asia, and many of the South Pacific islands.
Those at higher risk of exposure include healthcare workers and those who participate in risk behaviour such as needle sharing and unprotected sex. Travellers who receive medical or dental treatment and children (from cuts and scratches) may also be at risk of exposure.
The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for travellers in high risk areas who: have unprotected sex, inject drugs, do relief work, or work in a medical setting or intend to have a tattoo, piercing, partake in a contact sport or undergo acupuncture.
Travellers should be aware that taking the above precautions against Hepatitis B virus will also help to prevent other blood borne viruses, such as HIV and hepatitis C, for which there are no available vaccines.
Vaccine Brand: "Engerix B" by GSK
Several different course schedules are available for Hepatitis B. For full protection, you will need at least three injections of Hepatitis B vaccine over a period of four to six months. An accelerated course can be given over 28 days. However, a booster dose is then recommended
All vaccines administered by The IGP are carried out by fully qualified GPs.
* Please be aware that for full immunity some vaccination courses, with more than one vaccine required, may take up to a month or longer. Please, also be aware that many vaccinations will not become fully effective until around 10 - 14 days after the course completion. It is strongly advised that you leave plenty of time to complete the course before your trip. Intervals between different vaccines or doses are recommended, Which allows time for antibodies to be produced and any reaction to the vaccine to subside.