Hepatitis A Vaccine

What is Hepatitis A?

Hepatitis A is a type of viral liver infection which is widespread in certain parts of the world, such as Africa, central and south America, the Far East and eastern Europe. Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food and water.

High Risk Areas:

Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended if you are travelling to countries where the virus is common, such as the Indian subcontinent, Africa, central and south America, the Far East and eastern Europe.

An important prevention against Hepatitis A is good personal hygiene. Washing your hands well and frequently can help protect you against a number of infections, viruses and bacteria.

It is essential to wash your hands after using the toilet and before preparing or eating food. Extra precautions include not sharing towels, eating utensils or toothbrushes.

Those at higher risk of exposure include:

Those exposed to poor sanitation and standards of food & water hygiene. Those visiting friends and relatives. Long-term travellers

Vaccine Information

Hepatitis A is available to people over 16 Hepatitis A Junior is also available to children between 12 months and 16 years. One injection is required 4 to 6 weeks before you travel. A booster dose is recommended 6 to 12 months after the primary dose. Protection against Hepatitis A begins two weeks after the first dose of Hepatitis A vaccine. An initial vaccination plus booster dose is believed to give protection for over 10 years.

Hepatitis A is available as a combined vaccine with Typhoid, and also as a combined vaccine with Hepatitis B.

The Combined Hep A & Typhoid Vaccine is not recommended for children under 15 years.

The Combined Hep A & B Adult Vaccine is not advised for those under 16 years of age. There is a Paediatric version available for those aged between 1 - 15 years of age.

Hepatitis A vaccine side effects

Hepatitis side effects: After having the hepatitis A vaccine, some people develop temporary soreness, redness and hardening of the skin at the injection site. A small, painless lump may also form at the injection site. This usually disappears quickly and is not a cause for concern.

Much less common side effects include tiredness, headaches, loss of appetite, nausea and a slightly raised temperature (mild fever) - a normal temperature is 36-36.8C (96.8-98.24F). However, details of possible side effects and special precautions should be discussed during the appointment.

Please be aware that for full immunity some vaccination courses, with more than one vaccine required, may take up to a month or longer. Please, also be aware that many vaccinations will not become fully effective until weeks after the course completion. It is strongly advised that you leave plenty of time to complete the course before your trip. Intervals between different vaccines or doses are recommended, which allows time for antibodies to be produced and any reaction to the vaccine to subside.

The above information should only be used as a guide and is not a substitute for medical advice. All vaccinations are only carried out following a Travel Risk Assessment and Consultation. The brand of vaccine we supply may also vary depending on the current supply status of a particular vaccine.

In order for us to assess the most appropriate vaccines please complete our Travel Risk Assessment.

Travel Risk Assessment

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Please contact us for more information or to book an appointment at any one of our occupational health clinics.

Do You Have Any Questions?

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